Garnish with carrot slivers or sesame seeds, if desired. Starting in 1948 George de Mestral, a Swiss inventor, created Velcro after walking his dog and noticing the ‘burs’ from Burdock sticking to his dog. Common burdock grows best around old fields and waste areas. Common Burdock, Arctium minus, is an easy to recognize wildflower of summer. This is the weed not the fruit, they’re spelled the same way. A final (and more unique!) While you’ll want to be careful harvesting it, as the burrs can be prickly and there are look-alike plants that are actulaly toxic, burdock is more than edible – it is good for you. Going on from Kathleen’s comment, I didn’t know dandelions were edible too. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. You don’t have to eat it but can instead apply the root topically to resolve problems like psoriasis, acne, and eczema. The taproot of young burdock plants can be harvested and eaten as a root vegetable.While generally out of favour in modern European cuisine, it is popular in East Asia. To support our efforts … Burdock is a plant that is found all over the world. Burdock root is sometimes used as food. Purple and rather like a thistle flower until dry and brown, forming a ‘bur’. While you harvest burdock in the first fall or second spring, it grows quickly before this. Planting your own burdock in established beds of loose garden soil can help make this chore a bit easier. Unfortunately, these are also the best parts of the plant to eat. Some of the reviews on this site may be compensated by the companies whose products were reviewed. This is an easy plant to grow either as an herbal medicine or as an interesting vegetable. Its edible properties are also widely known. Young leaves and leaf stems are edible raw or cooked, and have been used as a potherb. The roasted root is a coffee substitute. Very large, dark green on top, lighter and slightly downy underneath. It also produces thistle-like burrs. You then add sugar and lemon zest to make a delicious dessert – and one that has a whole host of health benefits to boot! Flowers mid Summer to Autumn. The most common kind of burdock -and likely the one you have growing wild on your property – is the lesser burdock, also known as Arctium minus. While overconsumption should be avoided that’s true of any herb, and of course, you should always consult your medical professional before trying it. Burdock can help treat skin issues, too. Nice article. Burdock thrives along river banks and prefers rich loamy soils. The roots go way underground and the tips of the roots are very fragile. Burdock is edible in its many forms but tastes best in stir-fries. If you’re looking to get rid of burdock, it can be quite a challenge, as it grows a loose taproot. Just finished pulling some out on the edge of a park asphalt path that winds through a remnant mature deciduous forest (sugar maple-american beech-ash(defoliated)-white pine-white oak) in South Common Multiuse Park, MISSISSAUGA, Ontario, Canada (Burnhamthorpe Rd. Other recognised species in the genus include Arctium pubens (or common burdock) and Arctium tomentosum (or woolly burdock). Parts of these plants were used by Eurasian settlers for various medicinal purposes. While burdock is considered a weed by many, it has so many benefits that you should avoid destroying it the next time you find it growing on your property. Like Burdock, dandelion and plantain, the entire plants is edible. Usually peeled and sliced. It may not be the most common vegetable around, but if you see them at your local market, … I’ve certainly had my eyes opened. The root of common burdock is edible raw or cooked. Try not to pull too hard or be reckless with your shovel. Many of our invasive plants (weeds) were brought to The US by our ancestors. Burdock was used by Native Americans to treat health problems ranging from venereal disease to rheumatism – even to treat kidney stones and scurvy! You can even eat the stalk of a burdock plant, although this requires a quick boil. Huh! The flowers, too, of the burdock plant can be eaten, but it can be difficult to harvest these, since each flower is surrounded by razor-sharp thistles. Young leaves and leaf stems - raw or cooked. You can remove the rind and slice up the stalk before boiling the pieces in water. If you have burdock growing nearby, don’t mow it down quite yet – consider all of these reasons to snack on burdock after your next walk in the woods. You can also make burdock vinegar, which is a great substitute for over-the-counter medications like Pepto Bismol when your stomach is upset. The stems of the younger plants can be eaten until about May when they become woody and bitter. During its first year, this biennial plant is a low-growing rosette of basal leaves. Young flowering stem - peeled and eaten raw or cooked like asparagus. Great burdock grows much taller- up to nine feet tall – while woolly burdock has fleecy-looking flower heads. Older roots should be boiled for twenty minutes before cooking. If you are lucky to be near some Burdock when it starts to rain the leaves are big enough to make a foraged umbrella! Burdock is edible in its many forms but tastes best in stir-fries. During the second year of growth, the plant produces bushy flowers along with a flower stalk. Burdock roots are usually long and fairly thin, with a brown skin. Saute burdock slivers in oil for 1 minute, Add remaining ingredients; mix and continue cooking over medium heat until sauce is absorbed, approximately 1 to 2 minutes. Arctium lappa is a BIENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in). The roasted root is a coffee substitute as well. P.S. The roots of the first year plant are also edible, but will be correspondingly small. I had no clue you could eat it! But did you know the root of burdock is edible? However, this flowering biennial has some pretty powerful nutritional qualities. Edible parts You can also make a burdock tincture to … Burdock grows as a biannual. In the United States, this plant is viewed mostly as a weed. Other than that, if you’re ready to try this healing herb, get your spade ready – you have some digging to do! They are usually peeled and sliced. You must have the land owners permission to dig up Burdock roots but if you ask any farmer, they might laugh at you but they don’t usually mind you digging up persistent weeds for them. Burdock is in the same family with daisies, chicory, thistles and dandelions. It is highly effective at protecting cells in the body from damage and can reduce the overall inflammation your body has. Remember too that burdock is a natural diuretic, so you should not consume it if you are already dehydrated. The young leaves and roots are edible. As a part … In some cases, it can even help alleviate burns on your body. IMPORTANT: Please note that it is illegal to dig up roots without the landowner’s permission. Heart shaped towards the base becoming more spear like on the flower stem. Burdock is one of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine.It’s fibre has also been used for paper. The tap root of the second year plant is edible and the outer husk of the above ground stem once peeled away will expose the pith, which is also edible. You can also eat the stems, leaves, and leaf stems of this plant. In the second year the root becomes too woody to eat but can still be used to make a tea. Common Burdock, Lesser Burdock - Arctium minus Edible Parts: Leaves, Root; Seed, Stem, Edible Uses: Coffee, Root - raw or cooked. (modified recipe from “Japanese Cooking, Hawaii Style” by Muriel Miura) Note: the easiest way to skin the burdock root is to scrape it with the edge of a knife. The leaves of the common burdock are too bitter to eat and will also leave a bitter residue on your fingers. Burdock is a native of Eurasia but has quickly become naturalized in North America. Most people consume the roots of the burdock plant, but you can also extract or distill the oil from the plant. love the website and hoping there will be a print version of the guides. If you have allergies to daisies or chrysanthemums you should also avoid burdock, as the allergens are linked. The common name we are familiar with today, the English ‘bur’, originated from the French bourre, meaning ‘woolly’.Grieve attributes the French bourre to the Latin burre, or ‘lock of wool’ frequently found entangled with the plant where sheep have grazed.. Burdock might be a form of beurre or butter, which comes from a farm custom of wrapping butter in the large leaves to keep it cool. Most everyone is familiar with burdock’s sticky, Velcro-like seed heads and giant, rhubarb-like leaves. The jury is out on the edibility of Butterbur, as like purple flowered comfrey it contains small amounts of pyrrolizidine alkaloids which can be harmful to the liver. Root is edible; use the root from the first year's growth. Burdock was commonly used in cooking in the UK in times past but has long been forgotten about. Some sources claim the leaves are edible, but in my experience they are consistently bitter beyond belief. The ‘burrs’ or seeds are the annoying parts that stick strongly to your clothes or tangle your hair if you are unlucky enough to come into contact with them. It is best to remove the rind from the stem. But you’re probably wondering…is it edible? Edible Parts: Leaves, Root; Seed, Stem, Edible Uses: Coffee, Root - raw or cooked. where they, with this year’s more plentiful rains, are … If you’ve walked by a burdock plant in the fall, you know how the plant gets its name. You need to be careful about harvesting it, however, as the plant closely resembles the belladonna nightshade plant. Recent studies have shown that the extracted oil from the root of Burdock is rich in essential fatty acids and phytosterols. It’s also a diuretic. The hook-tipped spines of the bract-covered structure catch easily on fur and clothing. In fact it is quite tasty. Fun Facts: The common burdock is an edible plant. Used as a potherb. Burdock is the name given to the group of plants under the name Arctium. Burdock can be difficult to dig up once the roots are mature. How about dandelion and burdock, a firm favourite as a kid, and a sweeter less corrosive option to cola? Remove the outer covering of petioles and stalks before cooking, as they are very bitter. There usually is plenty of root material to harvest even after just a few months of growth. The edible parts: include the leaves; root; seed; and Stem. Black and usually like a very long carrot but due to the stoney soil it usually grows in, they can become forked or stunted. To harvest burdock, wait until the fall. But the fast-growing stems are a delicious wild food. During the first year of growth, the plant produces a low circle of leaves. Burdock grows just about anywhere with minimal help from gardeners, and while it can easily be viewed as a nuisance, it’s time to reframe your mindset. They are mucilaginous. In Britain the Arctium lappa (or greater burdock) and Arctium minus (or lesser burdock) are considered native. What parts of burdock are edible? Buckinghamshire, Milton Keynes Foraging Courses, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdon Foraging Courses. In fact, burdock oil is often consumed by people who choose to take a burdock supplement. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2eMoHIc8RU8), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M7lZoSdWKUo, How to cook Gobo (Burdock Root), 3 waysー ごぼうの料理3種 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M7lZoSdWKUo). This invasive Eurasian plant is common enough to be found almost anywhere, can safely be harvested in quantity, and provides nutritious food for a large portion of the year. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. Because this plant is a biennial, it won’t do much during its first-year of growth – besides produce delicious roots, that is. There are at least three species of burdock in North America, all edible and all imports. Young leaves are edible although quite bitter making them virtually inedible. Young leaves and leaf stems - raw or cooked. You should assume any link is an affiliate link. Ex: dandelion and plantain. The root can be harvested throughout the year, including during the winter. Which is questionable – it’s the part of the plant used the least. All content and photography © 2020 Wild Food UK. Burdock has a number of health benefits that should not be overlooked. Consider harvesting this delicious plant – we guarantee you’ll probably never run out! Common burdock is an edible and medicinal wild plant that will stick with you. The name burdock comes from the Greek origin of Arctium, which translates roughly to bear. There has been little formal research on the success of burdock as a medicinal treatment, so as a result, there is also little information about any potential side effects that eating burdock may have. Carefully scrape off the bitter, outer skin, chop it into smaller and... Your own burdock in North America by the companies whose products were reviewed this. 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