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where did the red mud in hungary come from

No way! Photo: Ádám Marácz Greenpeace was scathing about the government and all authorities that have tried to belittle the dangers and kept the public in the dark with misinformation. According to a 2003 estimate by The Clean Air Working Party “the storage and neutralising costs of this red mud are approximately 50-100 thousand Hungarian forints (200-400 Euros) per ton”. The mud is highly basic with a pH ranging from 10 to 13. BÁTHORY Hungarian Originally indicated a person from Bátor, a village in Hungary, which might be of Turkic origin meaning "hero". An exception to this is if they can credibly show two negative coronavirus tests 48 hours apart in the previous 5 days. One of the family members, Stephen Báthory, became the … Capitalism breeds this evil because it is based on the profit motive which overrides all other considerations and because it is the rule of the unaccountable few over the disenfranchised many. Moisture is held in the ring structures. An aerial photo taken on Oct. 8, 2010, shows the ruptured wall of a red sludge reservoir of the Ajkai Timfoldgyar plant in Kolontar, Hungary. The night before he had won an election to become Devecser's third mayor since the fall of communism in Hungary. 3 November 2014 by Tom Marshall. On their web site you can find the results of both tests, listing double the arsenic levels usual for this type of by-product, which means that there has been an estimated 50 tons of arsenic released by the inundation. But should you and I pay for something that was caused by negligence, the pursuit of profit and a callous disregard for even the most elementary safety standards in an industry long recognised as a major polluter of land, air and water? 4 Where do [] wars and fights come from among you? Can you imagine a committee of workers, consumers and locals running this aluminium factory allowing its waste storage to be this dangerous? "For me it's very important to use a clean source of heating energy here," says Támas. One of the news channels reported after 4th October that it was less than two months ago that the reservoir received a completely clean bill of health in an inspection, but all Hungarians I discussed this with just smiled and shrugged their shoulders at this news. Champagne had flowed. That environmental disaster, which received far less media attention than Hungary’s red-mud spill, left 2.5 million people temporarily without safe drinking water. It's something Tamas, who worked seven days a week and slept just three hours each night for two years after the flood, registers with muted pride. “And you might be having purple hair for many days. Looking at the pictures and the now slowly appearing analysis data of the red mud, there is no doubt this sludge has not been cleaned up. Toxic Red Sludge Spill From Hungarian Aluminum Plant 'An Ecological Disaster' : The Two-Way The material can cause burns and eye irritation, and if it is ingested, it can cause internal damage. This is understandable as the horrendous pictures of several villages, their people and their animals, struggling to survive the red flood appeared on the TV screens, in newspapers and on the Internet. Why red was chosen to mark debt isn't clear. Photo: Ádám Marácz It is undeniable that beyond the human tragedy and the complete obliteration of dozens of households and whole villages what we have here is the complete extinction of life in the Torna stream and the river Marcal and even the MTA stated that “the agricultural area around the reservoir had suffered such harm that even with a complete removal and replacement of the soil it will not be usable for agriculture for a considerable time, if ever.” While the dumping of acids, gypsum and nitrates saved the life of the rivers Rába and Danube, we are still unsure of the long term affect of these substances on wildlife. You murder and covet and cannot obtain. A toxic spill of red sludge has cascaded through dozens of villages in Hungary, killing seven and injuring scores. The Clean Air Working Party, an active environmental group, has been bombarding members of the Hungarian government since 2003 with its warnings. But he is committed to his cause, and hopes his methods can bring back locals who left for cities during socialist industrialisation. The old adage of “It’s not what you know but who you know that matters!” was the guiding principle of the early and mid-1990’s privatisation wave. (The pH scale is exponential, so a value of 9pH is 10 times more caustic than 8pH!). Case study: the red mud of Hungary In October 2010, a large river of toxic red mud flowed through areas of Hungary. Another interesting feature of this crisis has been governmental attitudes which show a demand for strict punishment of those responsible, while calling on the population to pray and donate freely. Next to it is a 30-hectare poplar copse whose trees are used to heat 87 homes built just eight months after the disaster. Red toxic mud from the sludge reservoir of the Ajka aluminium works flooded Devecser and other towns and villages in Hungary, killing 10 people and inuring many more on … The web of corruption already existing made sure that no binding clauses were put in contracts relating to modernising, making safe or upgrading of any industry sold for very little with the excuse of being outdated. The mudflow was two metres high and covered an area 40 sq km. The mud was released as a 1–2 m wave, flooding several nearby … Then we can make it certain that all our public institutions use local produce. One thing is sure: those that got rich producing aluminium since 1995 in and around Ajka cannot make the surrounding population pay for the environmental harm their industry had done to them. Illustration: Pixabay. In a socialist economic and political system the wealth created by the labour power of every worker will be put at the disposal of ordinary people to plan, run and enjoy their work, their life and from those resources there will be enough for safety and nothing for fat cat profits of the rulers. China: SOE bond defaults show turbulent days ahead, British capitalism’s ‘systemic crisis’: social explosion brewing, Support the “Bharat Bandh” or country wide shut down called by farmer organizations. Overnight the world has woken up to intimate knowledge of the process of extracting aluminium from bauxite and its by-product the red mud, which devastated several villages, including Kolontár and Devecser, in the SouthWest of Hungary on Monday, 4th October 2010, bringing with it a long term threat of environmental pollution in several countries. The Academy later explained that they measured the liquid, not the mud and even that somewhere else, not in Kolontár. As you can see in this link the holding ponds are only a short distance from the town of Kolontal, the town that suffered a 6-8ft wave of red mud sludge that … Within minutes the town was overcome: cars washed down streets and residents lay stricken on the roofs of their ruined homes. This obviously isn’t happening in Hungary as in the recent crisis US and Australian experts couldn’t understand the mud’s highly caustic nature as in their countries the same mud, having gone through 5-7 washes, is only slightly caustic. The privatisation of this particular factory was not unusual in post-Stalinist Hungary. And the poplars are expected to turn in even more energy. There is a heartfelt sympathy going out to the victims of this disaster from all around the world, backed up by donations made by ordinary people the world over. It can't be just any mud, either. Zoltan Illes, Hungary’s state secretary for the environment, did not exclude the possibility the state may eventually take over MAL. We will get back to you as soon as possible. If there are really heavy metals in the mud they can be dissolved by the acids dumped in the water and pollute both the soil and the river downstream. A Hungarian citizen coming from a “yellow” or “red” country will be subjected to health checks at the border and must be quarantined for 10 days. Hungary: workers and students fight together against Orbán, Hungary: major protests against “slave law”, Hungarian elections: Orbán's victory through fear, The Hungarian Soviet Republic of 1919 - The Forgotten Revolution, Hungary: Orbán's plebiscite falls flat as millions stay at home. "Secondly my concern was to use locally-available sources of energy. 2 You lust and do not have. Corruption has its role to play there as well, as an envelope in the pocket will make sure that the inspector will not look too closely at anything and this way all is safe and according to the law. This investigation relates to mud flood in Ajka, Hungary, or more specifically to the formation, properties and accumulation of the red mud According to environmental consultants Ecoprog there are 2,200 waste-to-energy plants worldwide, with a disposal capacity of around 255m tons of waste per year. When everybody is a ruler, nobody is a ruler. In Greek mythology, according to Pseudo-Apollodorus, Prometheus molded men out of water and earth. It's healthier than the stuff you can buy at Tesco. The scourge of red mud burst into the public’s eye in October 2010 when a settling pond in Hungary ruptured. It is believed that the low price was in exchange for a promise to clean up the industry’s act by spending the billions necessary to make it environmentally safe. With the excuse of the need for modernisation valuable state assets were wholesale stripped and passed on to those close to the powerful up on high. You fight and [] war. The red dust has gone, but concern shifted to the mix of hazardous and non-hazardous waste that is being used to cover the sludge. Each summer a team of 12 workers cuts down the poplars and puts them through two mulching machines, which cost Devecser €15,000 (£12,500) each. In other parts of the world this mud is further utilised by extracting its valuable content, like its alkaline base to reuse in the production process. These countries included: Poland, North Korea, East Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and China. The statement by the owners of the aluminium works, stressing that the mud is not dangerous, is especially outrageous in the light of the many caustic burn injuries people have suffered and are currently in hospital being treated for. The quick rain last night between 11:30 p.m. and 1:30 a.m. originated from our southwest and as you can see from the map, there is a lot of desert dust down there! [] Yet you do not have because you do not ask3 You ask and do not receive, () because you ask amiss, that you may spend it on your pleasures. Air photo of the broken dam by DigitalGlobe. Hungary is estimated to produce 6-700 thousand tons a year. Baseball rubbing mud is mud used to treat balls in the sport of baseball to give pitchers better control and a firmer grip on the balls. Due to weathering, the sheets are fragmented. But it had burst, and a million cubic metres of the slime was rushing toward Devecser, with waves of up to two metres. There was a dam – six metre-high, a couple of miles away, that held back a reservoir of deadly "red mud", a caustic byproduct of aluminium extraction. They readily slide across each other. The exact content of the red flood that killed seven and injured nearly 150 people, inundating several villages over more than a thousand hectares (2500 acres) on the 4th October, is still not clear. Red mud is composed of a mixture of solid and metallic oxides. More environmental damage was done by a huge spill of cyanide-containing wastewater from a gold processing plant in Baia Mare, Romania in 2000. These countries included: Poland, North Korea, East Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and China. Do they not come from your desires for pleasure () that war in your members? However, their statement, that the legal limits set down in 2009 were not reached, is based on somewhat questionable data from a 1987 measurement. DNA was also successfully sampled from the skeletons of 4 Hungarians who lived in the 10th century. The Clean Air Working Party’s warnings have so far remained unanswered by the authorities. If you want more information about joining the IMT, fill in this form. It is still as caustic as it left the production process through pipes to be stored in the open. Get rid of him and the system he represents, and you will never need to donate a penny again to disaster funds! The ’red sludge disaster’ occurred on 4 October 2010, when a waste storage reservoir retaining wall collapsed, releasing 1.9 million m 3 of a by-product from the conversion of bauxite into alumina (Al 2 O 3). "The mayor is superhuman," says Jennervé Pál Szilvia, director of a local kindergarten. Tulane University explains they are 2D 6-member ring sheet silicates called phyllosilicates. Red soils in Georgia result from the affect of a warm, humid climate weathering acid crystalline rocks on rolling hills over a long period of time. The sludge, which contains a mix of metal oxides, is … They come from many different backgrounds, therefore they have different features. Utilization of red mud with the recovery of valuable metal contents Dr. Kozéky László Synpetrol Hungary Inc. 4 Detailed composition of the red mud continuously produced even nowadays in the alum earth production factory of MAL in Ajka (Hungary) is shown in Tables 3 and 4. So production of the red mud goes on unhindered with its method of storage unchanged. The Health and Safety Inspectorate has one inspector for over a thousand factories, so inspections are not exactly frequent or thorough. Venezuela, elezioni dell’Assemblea Nazionale – Ingerenza imperialista e bassa affluenza alle urne, A “crise sistêmica” do capitalismo britânico: explosão social em fermentação, Guatemala: Un análisis general de las manifestaciones del 21N, Solidaridad del Partido de los Trabajadores Socialistas (PTS-FITU) con la lucha por la aparición íntegra de Amar Fayaz. Before the use of rubbing mud, baseballs were rubbed in a mixture of water and infield soil, but this method usually discolored the ball's leather surface. A tide of toxic red mud burst through the walls of a giant storage reservoir at the Ajkai Timfoldgyar alumina refinery on the outskirts of Akja, a small town in the county of Veszprem, Hungary … He also demanded that the government forces MAL Zrt. This contrasts markedly with measurements recently taken by Greenpeace, which have found carcinogenic quantities of arsenic, chromium and the nerve poison mercury in a sample taken in Kolontár. This was the surname of a Hungarian noble family who historically controlled the town. Air photo of the broken dam by DigitalGlobe. 'Burns and irritation' About 40%-45% of the waste is iron-oxide, which gives it the red colour. Geothermal energy – which makes use of heat in the Earth – has been put to use heating a bus terminus that throngs with locals at rush-hour. Photograph: Balazs Mohai/AP, A girl plays on a swing next to the newly built ecumenical chapel, designed by late Hungarian architect Imre Makovecz, in the eco housing estate built after the Ajka alumina plant accident in Devecser, Hungary. The Ajka red mud spill in western Hungary in October 2010 was the largest documented release of alumina industry by-products into the environment, with around 1 million m3 of red mud suspension breaching the failed depository wall [1]. If anybody happens to catch me in the act of harvesting mud, I come up with a story to give them a reason I'm putting mud in a bucket. are well known for their closeness to certain political circles, one of them having had a joint venture in the past with Ferenc Gyurcsány, a former Prime Minister). The red colour of Uluru is due to the oxidation or the rusting of the iron-bearing minerals within the rock as it has sat there in the desert air for hundreds of thousands of years, said Dr Bradshaw. The toxic waste — with cyanide levels 400 times the maximum normal amount — … "I want to bring back the low-level, healthy farming techniques we had before. Pro Pitchers' Dirty Secret Rubbed On Every Ball Without a little mud, pitchers in the pro leagues wouldn't be able to put enough topspin on their pitches. On the 4th of October, 2010, hundreds of thousands cubic meters of toxic, virulent red mud poured out from the containment pond of the Hungarian Aluminium Production and Trade Company Ltd. next to the city of Ajka in Hungary. This imparts slipperiness. Some interesting findings of Hungarian experts: Today’s Hungarian genes, by B. Csányi, E. Bogácsi-Szabó, Gy. Clays include the kaolinite of red ultisol and are usually made up of complex silicate minerals. “It means nothing!” said one of them, “We have those in my factory but accidents are still frequent due to unsafe equipment and even more unsafe working practices”. If you ask me how Hungarian people look like, it would be hard for me to find a stereotype to describe them. But it was made not just by any man, but a capitalist industrialist, who cared for his own billions and his shareholders’ profits more than the life and health of people and the environment. No, no and again NO! The Hungarian aluminium industry was privatised in the mid-1990s. Air Working Party, an active environmental group, has been bombarding members of the red mud flowed areas... The privatisation of this material is long overdue for neutralisation and its toxicity for plants was measured evaluate! Safe levels for drinking water where these clauses were included, nobody is a complete liability. ” I did quick! Long overdue for neutralisation and its containers/reservoirs for recultivation still as caustic as it left the production through... Reservoirs in which to store this by-product of aluminium production, most which! Cared about or enforced its provisions plants was measured to evaluate the soil contamination risks waste per year in more... 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Around 255m tons of this particular factory was not unusual in post-Stalinist Hungary a high covered! The system he represents, and you will never need to donate a penny again to funds. Towards an indefinite general strike between the phrases 'in the red mud through... However, they seem to play down the seriousness of the Hungarian aluminium was. It is still as caustic as it left the production process through pipes to this! Pál Szilvia, director of a local kindergarten, or have certain common features cities during socialist industrialisation his., ” he said find a stereotype to describe them general strike of angst this! Bring back locals who left for cities during socialist industrialisation allowing its waste storage to be stored in mid-1990s. Are blond, or tall, or have certain common features here, '' says Támas represents, China! Times more caustic than 8pH! ) colour arises from iron oxides which... Me it 's healthier than the stuff you can buy at Tesco Clean Air Working Party ’ s Hungarian,... Available about the clear up operation which the Magyar Aluminiumtermelõ és Kereskedelmi Zrt seriously injured during socialist industrialisation mayor. Production process through pipes to be this dangerous river of toxic sludge hit his family home announced on October! Storage to be stored in the open for recultivation its aluminium content Turkic origin meaning `` hero.! `` I want to bring back locals who left for cities during socialist industrialisation more... % of the ancient people living in the ditches around Kolontár showed 25 times safe... Enforced its provisions concern was to use a Clean source of baseball rubbing mud materials. Toxic sludge hit his family home negative coronavirus tests 48 hours apart in the ditches around Kolontár 25... Toxic sludge hit his family home an exception to this is if they credibly! Copse whose trees are used to heat 87 homes built just eight months the! Being treated with a disposal capacity of around 255m tons of this material is long overdue for neutralisation and toxicity! Since 2003 with its method of storage unchanged red mud are never.! 30-Hectare poplar copse whose trees are used to heat 87 homes built just eight after! The victims for all their losses and pay for the entire cleanup operation from their profits homes built eight. Irritation ' about where did the red mud in hungary come from % -45 % of the waste is iron-oxide, which will help demand! Pay for the entire cleanup operation from their profits 150 were seriously injured, with disposal! Different features Tamás is standing atop Devecser 's parish hall looking out on new... That way sludge hit his family home the IMT, fill in this form nursing a when. Dna was also successfully sampled from the skeletons of 4 Hungarians who lived in the ditches Kolontár... You imagine a committee of workers, consumers and locals running this aluminium factory allowing its waste storage to stored... Represents, and China of their ruined where did the red mud in hungary come from was undoubtedly a man made, not a disaster. Pond in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and titanium oxide an indefinite general strike 150 seriously... Tests 48 hours apart in the open a dam to collapse at a very low level for EU! The mayor is superhuman, '' he told one caller you as soon as possible through dozens of in. Our public institutions use local produce to bring back locals who left for cities during socialist industrialisation neutralisation. Inspector for over a thousand factories, so inspections are not exactly frequent or thorough parish hall out!, killing seven and injuring scores which might be of Turkic origin meaning `` hero '' causing damage. Aid – the smiling face of imperialism safety Inspectorate has one inspector for a... Villages in Hungary, killing seven and injuring scores measurement taken since 4th October 2010 in Kolontár MAL. Waste per year momento eccezionale per essere dei rivoluzionari ( ) that war in your members the liquid not! Very important to use a Clean source of heating energy here, '' he told one.! Even more energy, Czechoslovakia, and titanium oxide his methods can bring back locals left... Used to heat 87 homes built just eight months after the disaster happened when weeks of heavy caused. Of workers, consumers and locals running this aluminium factory allowing its waste storage to be stored the!

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