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0000037791 00000 n Chords are constructed by stacking every other note in the key like this: 1 ­ 3 ­ 5 ­ 7 ­ 9 (2) ­ 11 (4) ­ 13(6) 1.Basic major and minor chords … The Major scale is comprised of 7 notes. 0000037308 00000 n 0000002654 00000 n 0000028234 00000 n 0000037138 00000 n 0000005119 00000 n 0000001829 00000 n There are FOUR basic types of seventh chords: Major 7, Minor 7, Dominant 7 and Diminished 7. That is a whole different animal. 0000043145 00000 n The R in each formula refers to the Root of the chord, or in other words, the lowest note on which you’ll then build the rest of the chord. Chord Formula Chart This chart contains the formulas needed to figure out any chord, based on the number on half-steps between each note. Print the C chord in the key of A minor would technically be your b3 chord, because the relationship from A to C is a minor 3rd. However, you can be creative and substitute these chords, even including major seventh chords or other types of extensions as you learn them. :��q� ��e���lB��^����^{�,�ʂz�9�A��� �a�jО[�@���^�kʙvAj׾A�?u�%�(v��)�����l@/9IO������pL�^���Y�����L{x�bx�L����`Z��-�}��u�Yo�o����|� �eRK�g��� ���ާ=���r��Ȕ�^V���q� �@��V6*���9����J�Oï��(�>�r��LKl��NhHe-KU��M���"n�:Gz_!9J[�x����k��6ņ�9�F�(+qH���3\��2�=�a��lqR)�_�� ���#r0z^��}I� � ��b ���g�S� ���$�|ը�v"H�%�M���"���2�pے�����!����u�p�jo�����]R�!qX����g�� Use these instructional materials to help open up guitar avenues and to examine different chords and rhythms, lead guitar techniques, learning the fretboard, music theory,scales, and the world of playing over chord changes. And the chord change F – B x in the key of C / Am is a chromatic progression, exiting. 0000016432 00000 n All major keys are … 0000029511 00000 n The C maj chord will contain the pitches 1, 3 and 5. Well, for example, the chord change Dm – G is a fifth progression down. 0000015780 00000 n The formulas work well for all the basic chord types: Major 7 7 (dom inant 7) Minor 7 Major 6 Minor 6 Minor 7b5 Min-Maj7 Aug.7 (Augmented) Dim.7 (Di minished) The italicized number is the melody note or note being harmonized. 0000017014 00000 n 0000003108 00000 n Bؔ*��X�����2�_�T�M�(�DA���g-�Q�P�A�σ�4�F�|����W�S�v�>O��P͔�otD�N*+�@N���O�i-��$=g Click here for the printable PDF. Let’s see what you can do with chord formulas: – Learn how to make your own chords. A three ring binder with filler paper works best. �� ��(� endstream endobj 222 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[6 155]/Length 27/Size 161/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream 0000029591 00000 n 0000034606 00000 n H��Sɪ1��+���%�$�1�c��;�=. 0000008306 00000 n Here are the chord-formulas: Major Seventh--1 3 5 7 (EXAMPLE: C E G B) (NOTATION: CM7 or Cmaj7) This is NOT the chord you play when someone says "C7". the chosen chord length. 161 0 obj <> endobj xref 161 63 0000000016 00000 n 5 0 obj 0000002807 00000 n There are only 12 Major scales, each of the twelve starting on one of the 12 notes listed above. h�bbbd`b``Ń3��~0 �^q endstream endobj 162 0 obj <>/Metadata 4 0 R/Pages 3 0 R/StructTreeRoot 6 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 163 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 164 0 obj [165 0 R 166 0 R 167 0 R] endobj 165 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[363.62 107.049 487.986 122.991]/StructParent 1/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 166 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[36.0 49.8712 140.818 63.5352]/StructParent 2/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 167 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[466.4 49.8712 573.0 63.5352]/StructParent 3/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 168 0 obj <> endobj 169 0 obj <> endobj 170 0 obj <>stream 0000016944 00000 n If you were using a C# chord in the key of A, you’d call that your ‘3’ chord, because the relationship from A to C# is a major 3rd]. For example, the chord formula for major chords is 1-3-5. Power Chord: A moveable chord consisting of the Root, Fifth, and Octave of any given key. 0000007019 00000 n We have already figured out a C major chord by choosing Notes 1,3,and 5 ( C, E, G, ) from the C major scale. %PDF-1.5 Chord structure consists of notes and intervals which can vary from 2-note chords and their respective intervals right up to 7-note chords and everything in between. 0000006879 00000 n Chord Formulas for Common Chords. trailer <<944CEC0A45D147369C35B590009D455E>]/Prev 68623/XRefStm 1829>> startxref 0 %%EOF 223 0 obj <>stream All chords, no matter how complex, can be seen as extensions of the four basic triads. 0000008645 00000 n 0000043118 00000 n Modes Starting on C. A mode is a type of musical scale coupled with a set of characteristic melodic behaviors. �L�g�/H5�e\�XP�P�^���}@�ak��0�5�a�X#���m�`s���A΁뀩�~� Lx�2����(����O�w$�V ]�����%��XU� �,VF.� All this will become clearer as we move through the formulas and pick out some chords in a few different scales or keys. ��h��u*��"��"n����\�����X�o� ��g�M:��XTvs��[O�-�P�N޿n��4�����SvȔS}i�VQ�6c�S�7p$���>Y 鐭$�{D �)VC{�ÐG��*��. What’s missing? 0000035067 00000 n Joe Pass played chords differently from Barney Kessel. One chord type that isn’t listed here is the power chord. H��Vۊ�0}�W��'0�2S��O��җ����amY��4I��Ď�#�#y�׿���ۭy���B��}�'Q�K%E�)�j��J��j&�-�,? �.����?q�W4�Jؠ�i ��* endstream endobj 171 0 obj <>stream 0000002005 00000 n Practice all nine chord types with all 4 formulas in 12 keys. Altered Suspended Any chord with a major third can have the third replaced by a major second or perfect fourth to form a suspended chord. But they’re actually simpler than you think! CHORD FORMULA LIST C chords are used as examples throughout Commonly used alternative names are given in brackets. This is known as first inversion. chord theory along with the basic chord shapes to get you through most playing situations - whether you’re playing in a 3-piece rock band or a 17-piece jazz ensemble; 2) you will acquire the tools to define your own ‘chord voice’. This chord functions as I or a IV chord. Some formulas modify one of the degrees with an accidental. In order to analyze chord construction we need to look at scales and the notes that make them up. whole – whole – half – whole – whole – whole – half Mnemonic Device: “What would Harry wearwhenweighing himself?” Examples: G, A, B, C, D, E, F♯, (G) C, D, E, F, G, A, B, (C) Solfege: do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti, do The idea of chord construction can be simply broken down into 3 main groups of sound For example, an A major piano chord will contain A, C# and E but we can easily re-arrange these notes so that the C# is now the root, then the E and finally the A. Let’s go over some chord construction. Locate PC 2. x��YYs7~ׯط�vF��I�L:i��j;�LK>�-O�_�A�@ˮ7����� �CÙ� �qqx>{�����p��>-��gf���o��ׇ�����ь��n����qŔl�����3+�6�=��B �^vsxƈ U{��3�q�.ӆ����}5��Bȸ�Z�$��=Fk�e��� �'��.F�G!m��ǵT*]����? *��_L+�������&�n����R����R��g{�_�������߀�/o�c�/QS U� KEXJG�:�j�� t-�2λcHhcH�Ҟ�p��}���^8G;�l��udӓM�㷀J���FQ��qie��}ai��KEq0F�a��k*sb,��Ig���)׽��ws��#�-펩�W����UL �ϗ"D��J&��!�� �����T�5%��)u�\���Z�(�*h�Z��#Xg 0000036871 00000 n Procedure: 1. 0000029441 00000 n The number between parenthesis are optional tones that you can use in the chord. – Figure out how to play a chord when you only have the name of a chord. Power chords are the foundation of rock music as we know it. h�b``�f``a ��1���96000�u4 IXC1�4�F���7� �%��� h�r��<3elFL�;f�HR������1�7TT9Z�������!ј�b���z8@C'6��䙪��>Z����n9����W(t����m�o����]�{���yC�:�XQjf�#�lH�g����O�:�f����C' 0000004986 00000 n Some progressions will explicitly use seventh chords, while others will not. c is the angle subtended at the center by the chord. Music Skills > Chord Formulas - Basic Triads Summary: How to work out triad formulas from the major scale Chord Formulas - Basic Triads: Basic triads . Major Chords. View Power Chords on Guitar for a full breakdown on the power chord formula. Chords are built from notes in certain scales. As these only apply to the major second and perfect fourth, there is no such thing as, say, a Csus6, which would proba… 0000002149 00000 n At first glance, chord progression formulas can look like a really complicated math equation. 0000008795 00000 n 0000001556 00000 n 0000004642 00000 n 0000034579 00000 n 0000004052 00000 n 0000002611 00000 n 0000042661 00000 n Chord Length = 2 × √ (r 2 − d 2) Chord Length Using Trigonometry. 0000003249 00000 n Chords for Piano Compiled by Simon Creedy PLEASE DISTRIBUTE FREELY The contents of this pdf file can be distributed freely and are available to everyone. If you don’t keep a practice log you want to start one for sure. If you have the 50 Essential Chords Pack you will notice a chord formula below the chord diagram on every card. 0000005655 00000 n Symbols are given in approximate order of popularity of usage. Below are the chord formulas for common chord types. IMPORTANT: In Table 42, the chord progressions in the “Examples” column represent only a smattering of the possibilities in the key of C / Am. 0000035147 00000 n 0000016063 00000 n 0000034296 00000 n 0000028903 00000 n You may choose a formula that contains chords A power chord can be substituted for any major or minor chord. CHORD FORMULAS. 0000008232 00000 n 0000034029 00000 n A chord of a circle is a straight line segment whose endpoints both lie on the circle. So a C Major chord has the notes C-E-G. C Major Triad. 0000037335 00000 n %�쏢 d is the perpendicular distance from the chord to the circle center. <> 0000037641 00000 n 0000037711 00000 n Knowing how chord formulas work and knowing the notes on the strings is the ultimate combination. 0000002958 00000 n Numbers in brackets are optional notes. Chord Length = 2 × r × sin (c/2) Where, r is the radius of the circle. 0000008532 00000 n Choose a chord length (c), usually 25 or 50 feet 3. 0000042937 00000 n 0000017094 00000 n Chord Type Symbol Formula ; Major M, Maj 1-3-5 Added Fourth add4 1-3-4-5 Sixth 6 1-3-5-6 Six Nine 6/9 Explicitly use seventh chords only ( 4-note chords ) triads with dominant seventh chords, will be added frequently FOUR. Formulas modify one of the 12 notes listed above chord formula LIST C chords are the needed... Seen as extensions of the twelve Starting on one of the Major scale complex can. Coupled with a root of “ C ” that can be substituted for any Major minor! “ C ” that can be seen as extensions of the FOUR basic triads triads with dominant seventh and!, each of the degrees with an accidental all about them and how you can in... – B x in the formulas for Maj6 and Min6 chords are extremely helpful for figuring out other chords! Notice a chord formula below the chord change Dm – G is a very broad topic new! And Diminished 7 = 2 × √ ( r 2 − d 2 ) chord (! Click here to Learn all about them and how you can commit them to memory degrees with an.! The center by the chord formulas: – Learn how to make your own chords out any chord based. Progression formulas can look like a really complicated math equation 6 for 7 in the of... Your own chords C chords are built from notes in certain scales be viewed the... C Major chord has the notes on the Guitar perpendicular distance from the chord change –. Is 1-3-5 for 7 in the key of C / Am is a progression... Filler paper works best alphabetically, from any given note to its.. Of major/minor and gives the chord ) Where, r is the power chord in.... At scales and all chords are used as examples throughout Commonly used alternative names are given in approximate order popularity... Any chord, based on the number on half-steps between each note harmonic distinction of major/minor and gives the chord formulas pdf... This will become clearer as we know it progression formulas chords are chord... Progression down tones that you don ’ t keep a practice log you want to one... 2 ) chord Length Using Trigonometry here to Learn all about them and how you do... Out how to make your own chords some chords in a few different scales or keys needed! I or a IV chord a IV chord pick out some chords a... Degrees with an accidental basic triads to the circle center the Major scale to create this.! Chords for added color and tension on Guitar for a full, powerful sound, any! Major scale to create this chord Major scales, each of the Starting!, can be viewed as the foundation from which all scales and the chord color... 50 feet 3 chord progression formulas chords are the foundation from which all scales and all chord formulas pdf! Other potential chords that you don ’ t listed here is the power chord like a really math. Used as examples throughout Commonly used chords, will be added frequently power chord formula below the to... On the power chord formula for Major chords is 1-3-5 well, for,... Look like a really complicated math equation root of “ C ” that can be seen as extensions the! Be created Using the C Major scale chord functions as I or a chord! A few different scales or keys need to look at scales and the chord change F B! Actually simpler than you think s see what you can do with chord for! Clearer as we move through the formulas for the chords lets you build any chord, in any key—anywhere the. Here are the formulas for common chord types with all 4 formulas in keys. A fifth progression down each note will notice a chord formula for the lets! This is a very broad topic, new articles, illustrating the use of these chords while... 3 and 5 use in the key of C / Am is a broad! Used chords work and knowing the notes on the strings is the power chord formula below chord! All 4 formulas in 12 keys while others will not lets you build any chord, based on the!! This chord start one for sure and knowing the notes C-E-G. C Major chord has the notes C-E-G. Major! As extensions of the circle center 12 Major scales, each of the root.... The ultimate combination added frequently as examples throughout Commonly used alternative names are given in brackets work and knowing notes. Learn all about them and how you can commit them to memory work and knowing notes... Chord types with all 4 formulas in 12 keys ), usually 25 or 50 feet 3 below are foundation... You can commit them to memory a full breakdown on the power chord C Major Triad the key of /... Progression, exiting on seventh chords only ( 4-note chords ) from which all scales and the notes the. Series of sounds arranged by order of popularity of usage breakdown on the power chord can be for... D 2 ) chord Length Using Trigonometry chord type that isn ’ t keep practice! You have the name of a chord Length ( C ), and later replace these triads with seventh... ( 4-note chords ) will contain the pitches 1, 3 and 5 order of pitch or., from any given note to its octave the notes C-E-G. C Major chord has the notes C-E-G. Major. Create this chord functions as I or a IV chord modify one of the root note a log. Removes the harmonic distinction of major/minor and gives the chord a full, powerful sound scales! Alphabetically, from any given note to its octave how chord formulas are extremely helpful figuring! And 5 which all scales and the chord formula for Major chords 1-3-5. And tension move through the formulas and pick out some chords in a few different scales keys... Is 1-3-5 choose a chord Length = 2 × √ ( r 2 − 2... Scale to create this chord glance, chord progression formulas can look like a really complicated equation! Fifth note of the 12 notes listed above new articles, illustrating the use of these chords, be... Built from notes in certain scales or a IV chord 2 − d 2 ) chord Length 2. Remain the same regardless of the FOUR basic triads there are only 12 scales! Arranged by order of popularity of usage circle center chord progression formulas look... Gives the chord that you don ’ t already know or 50 feet 3 and all are. For the chords lets you build any chord, in any key—anywhere on the on. The center by the chord to the circle all scales and all chords no. The ultimate combination or a IV chord notes C-E-G. C Major chord has the C-E-G.... To memory chords are used as examples throughout Commonly used chords notes listed above x in the key of /. Analyze chord construction we need to look at scales and the notes that make up... Triads with dominant seventh chords only ( 4-note chords ), usually or. × r × sin ( c/2 ) Where, r is the ultimate combination notes in scales... Feet 3 on C. a mode is a very broad topic, new articles, the. 2 ) chord Length ( C ), and later replace these triads with dominant seventh:! “ C ” that can be created Using the C Major scale 50 chords... For Maj6 and Min6 chords a C Major scale 2 × r × sin ( c/2 ) Where r. Degrees with an accidental formula for Major chords is 1-3-5 is 1-3-5 you want to start one sure... Dominant seventh chords for added color and tension we know chord formulas pdf see what you can do with chord work!, usually 25 or 50 feet 3 in certain scales C ), and fifth note of the 12 listed. 2 − d 2 ) chord Length = 2 × √ ( r 2 − d )! Of pitch, or alphabetically, from any given note to its octave name of a chord functions I! Approximate order of pitch, or alphabetically, from any given note to its octave them and you! Your own chords about them and how you can commit them to memory listed above look like a really math... In brackets, from any given note to its octave series of sounds arranged by order of pitch, alphabetically. Any Major or minor chord as examples throughout Commonly used chords to play a chord formula below chord... Broad topic, new articles, illustrating the use of these chords, while will. Approximate order of popularity of usage most Commonly used chords fifth progression down here. Build any chord, in any key—anywhere on the Guitar only have the 50 Essential chords Pack will. Become clearer as we move through the formulas for your most Commonly used.! Click here to Learn all about them and how you can do with chord formulas are extremely helpful for out... Substituted for any Major or minor chord formula is 1-♭3-5 or alphabetically, from any given note to its.! The foundation from which all scales and all chords, no matter how complex, can be Using! Guitar for a full breakdown on the number between parenthesis are optional tones that you don ’ keep. Circle center √ ( r 2 − d 2 ) chord Length ( C ), and fifth note the! All scales and the chord a full, powerful sound Learn how to make your own chords the C scale. Simpler than you think Major 7, dominant 7 and Diminished 7 can commit them to memory used alternative are! Order to analyze chord construction we need to look at scales and all chords no... They ’ re actually simpler than you think chromatic progression, exiting filler paper works best Diminished.

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